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Anti Inflammatory Medication

Anti Inflammatory Medication: Overview, Preparation, Procedure, Recovery, Risks, and Aftercare


Various conditions, such as arthritis, tendonitis, and other inflammatory disorders, are treated with anti-inflammatory medications, which reduce inflammation and alleviate pain. A key component of these medications is blocking the production of chemicals called prostaglandins, which are responsible for inflammation and pain.

Types of Anti-inflammatory Medications

Anti-inflammatory medications fall into two main categories:

  • NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin are available over-the-counter and on prescription. They inhibit the production of prostaglandins by inhibiting the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX).

  • Prescription steroids, such as prednisone and cortisone, suppress the immune system and reduce inflammation by mimicking the effects of cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands.


Following are the steps to prepare for taking anti-inflammatory medications:

  • A medical evaluation is necessary to determine if anti-inflammatory medication is appropriate for your condition. A healthcare provider will review your medical history, current medications, allergies, and contraindications.

  • Talk to your healthcare provider about the benefits, risks, and potential side effects of anti-inflammatory medication. They may suggest a specific type of medication, dosage, and duration of treatment.

  • Follow your healthcare provider's instructions for taking anti-inflammatory medications, including dosage, frequency, and any precautions.


Anti-inflammatory medications are typically taken as follows:

  • Follow the recommended dosage and schedule of anti-inflammatory medication as directed by your healthcare provider to achieve optimal results.

  • To avoid stomach upset, take the medication with food or a full glass of water. Some medications should be taken at specific times of the day to maximize their effectiveness.

  • Even if your symptoms improve, continue taking the medication for the prescribed duration. Stopping it prematurely may result in recurrence of symptoms or incomplete healing of inflammation.


In general, recovery from anti-inflammatory medication depends on the individual's response to treatment and the underlying condition being treated.

  • It can take several weeks for the full effects of anti-inflammatory medication to be realized, especially for chronic conditions.

  • As needed, your healthcare provider may schedule follow-up appointments to monitor your response to treatment.


Anti-inflammatory medications can reduce inflammation and pain, but they also carry certain risks and potential side effects, including:

  • Stomach irritation or ulcers

  • Kidney damage

  • Liver toxicity

  • Increased risk of bleeding

  • Allergic reactions

Discuss the potential risks and benefits of anti-inflammatory medication with your healthcare provider before beginning treatment.


It is essential to follow these steps after taking anti-inflammatory medication:

  • Monitor your response to treatment and address any concerns or side effects with your healthcare provider as scheduled.

  • Don't exceed the recommended dosage or duration of treatment when taking the medication as prescribed.

  • Any new or worsening symptoms, including stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, or changes in urination, should be reported to your healthcare provider.

  • Without consulting your healthcare provider, avoid drinking alcohol or taking non-prescription medications that may interact with anti-inflammatory medications.

Using anti-inflammatory medications safely and effectively requires following these aftercare instructions and working closely with your healthcare provider.

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